A cable from 1993 seems to foreshadow the August 2007 raid on Casa Quivira, a private nursery in Antigua run by American Clifford Phillips and his Guatemalan wife, Sandra Gonzalez.
Fourteen years before Phillips and Gonzalez were arrested by Guatemalan authorities, the US Embassy had taken note of”problematic adoption cases” they had brought to the Embassy, noting that they weren’t “totally convinced that the current problems only reflect naivete.” Read the full cable (4-page .pdf) here: http://findingfernanda.com/documents/oct-93.pdf
The following news clips contain background on the 2007 Casa Quivira raid:
- August 12, 2007. “Officials rescue 46 children from alleged illegal adoption agency,” by Juan Carlos Llorca, the Associated Press.
- August 21, 2007. “Nine of 46 babies held at Guatemalan adoption home hospitalized with respiratory problems,” by Juan Carlos Llorca, the Associated Press.
- August 29, 2007. “Cleaning Up International Adoptions,” by Mica Roseberg, TIME Magazine.
- February 11, 2009. “Guatemalan Adoption Fraud May Hit U.S.,” by Juan Carlos Llorca, the Associated Press.
You can read about how I obtained the Embassy cables here: http://findingfernanda.com/2011/09/the-embassy-memos-adoption-fraud-1990-2010/